Mahogany has a warm, mellow tone with good presence in the lower mids. This more porous, open wood doesn’t quite have maple’s hardness, strength, or stability, however, and it isn’t suitable as a fretboard material. Comments: Not to be confused with a striped Guatemalan wood that is also sometimes marketed as “Mora,” which is almost universally mislabeled as Maclura tinctoria. Wide pale yellow-brown sapwood is clearly demarcated from heartwood. Good natural luster. Deciduous trees produce hardwood. Maple. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Wood Hardness Chart Species (Alphabetical) Hardness Species (by Hardness) Hardness Mahogany, Honduran 800 Padauk 1725 Mahogany, Santos 2200 Tabaccowood 1750 Maple, Hard North American 1450 Rosewood, Bolivian 1780 Maple, Ivory 1500 Bamboo, Carbonized 1800 Maple, Soft 999 Hickory 1820 Merbau 1925 Pecan 1820 Mesquite 2345 Yellowheart 1820 Oak, Tasmainian 1010 Kenpass 1854 … We have found this to be one of the best measures of the ability of wood species to withstand denting and wear. This should not be confused with Nyatoh (an Asian hardwood from the family Sapotaceae with a very similar look and characteristic to Honduras Mahogany, though totally unrelated). Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. One thing to consider when buying a bass guitar is the hardness or softness of the woods used. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Each wood has its own type o This list covers both domestic and exotic. Its a good, less expensive alternatives to Rosewood. Mora wood species are not listed in the citeS Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.. The Janka test measures the necessary force to embed a .44″ diameter steel ball halfway into a piece of wood. Tone wood refers to the woods used in a bass to enhance the sound, or tone, of the bass guitar. Conifers provide softwood. Nato wood is a collective name for wood from Mora trees (the best-known species are Mora excelsa (Mora) and Mora gonggrijpii (Morabukea). Common Uses: Flooring, boatbuilding, heavy (exterior) construction, and turned objects. Because of its similar properties to more traditional tone woods like mahogany, many guitar manufacturers use nato in their construction. Despite this, the two are unrelated. Odor: Mora can have an unpleasant and sour odor while being worked. Both types come from different types of trees so they are classified separately. It has a straight to interlocked grain, with a medium to coarse texture and good natural luster. Learn about the individual wood species used in to make hardwood floors. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, striped Guatemalan wood that is also sometimes marketed as “Mora,”. Grain/Texture: Has a straight to interlocked grain, with a medium to coarse texture. These trees have cones and uncovered seeds which fall on the ground. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). This force is recorded in both pounds-force (lbf) and kilo-Newtons (kN). When available, prices should be moderate for an imported hardwood. Our chart is based on the Janka Hardness Scale which is the industry standard for gauging the ability of various wood species to resist denting and tolerate normal wear. Density of Wood . Wood Hardness Chart – Bigger, Better, More Woods July 3, 2015 June 30, 2015 by Best Bass Gear With our last wood hardness chart, several noted that there were certain woods missing that should be in the list, so we’ve expanded the list to 224 different species. common name should be added these following names: Eastern mahogany, Nato. It is a reliable, strong wood. Nato (Nyatoh) (Palaquim spp.) Scientific Name: Mora excelsa, M. gonggrijpii, Distribution: Northeastern South America (primarily Guyana and Suriname), Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 63 lbs/ft3 (1,015 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .80, 1.01, Modulus of Rupture: 22,550 lbf/in2 (155.5 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 2,790,000 lbf/in2 (19.24 GPa), Crushing Strength: 11,950 lbf/in2 (82.4 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 6.7%, Tangential: 9.9%, Volumetric: 17.7%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. Generally speaking, softwoods tend to be softer than their hardwood counterparts. "Mora | The Wood Database – Lumber Identification (Hardwoods)", "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species", "Choosing The Right Tonewoods For Your Acoustic Guitar Part 2", "Exotic Classic Mockingbird & 10-String Bich", "FJX720SC – FGX/FJX/FSX Series – Acoustic Electric Guitars – Guitars & Basses – Musical Instruments – Products – Yamaha United States", Wood properties at the USDA Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nato_wood&oldid=982772805, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 October 2020, at 07:45. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. Wide pale yellow-brown sapwood is clearly demarcated from heartwood. Type of wood: Hard kg/m3 g/cm3 lb/ft 3 Notes; … The wood is available in large solid cuts and is well above average in properties such as resistance to wear, strength, and durability, making it an excellent candidate for heavy construction, industrial flooring, railroad ties, and boatbuilding. Nato wood is a collective name for wood from Mora trees (the best-known species are Mora excelsa (Mora) and Mora gonggrijpii (Morabukea). The scale used in the table is pounds-force. However, there are plenty exceptions to that. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; large pores in no specific arrangement, few; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; heartwood deposits present; narrow rays faintly visible without lens, normal spacing; parenchyma vasicentric,lozenge, winged, confluent, and marginal. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? The mahogany/rosewood pairing contributes to complex highs, thick and creamy lows, and an appealing midrange that isn’t honky or excessively punchy. Squier, Epiphone, BC Rich, Eastwood, and Japan-based manufacturers Yamaha, Hondo (guitar company) and Takamine are amongst them. Most trees never reach sufficient size to be used for bodies of guitars. The heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! It also indicates the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species.  The wood is dense and it is not particularly easy to dry or to work, although it finishes well. Woodworkers measure the hardness of a wood species by using the Janka hardness test. Though working the wood is difficult due to its hardness, its exceptional dimensional stability makes the extra work well worth the effort. Nato is one of the softer hardwoods like Mahogany, Walnut, Koa and Maple. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. Most woods used on basses are classified as "hard woods", but we are talking about the relative hardness or softness. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. Janka Hardness: 2,300 lb f (10,230 N) Modulus of Rupture: 22,550 lb f /in 2 (155.5 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 2,790,000 lb f /in 2 (19.24 GPa) Crushing Strength: 11,950 lb f /in 2 (82.4 MPa) Shrinkage: Radial: 6.7%, Tangential: 9.9%, Volumetric: 17.7%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. This more porous, open wood doesn’t quite have maple’s hardness, strength, or stability, however, and it isn’t suitable as a fretboard material. Mahogany has a warm, mellow tone with good presence in the lower mids.