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Outdoors, grow in full sun and very well-drained soil. Umbellularia californica is a large hardwood tree native to coastal forests and the Sierra foothills of California, as well as to coastal forests extending into Oregon. Oregon-myrtle (Umbellularia californica) grows along the Pacific Coast from Douglas County, Oregon, to San Diego, California, in the Coast and Klamath mountains and along the west slope of the Sierra Nevada. It is also found in the western foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountains. Origin: Mediterranean region. Re-pot as necessary, when the roots start to come out the bottom of the pot. Outdoors, certain moths occasionally lay eggs between leaves, and the larvae can chew holes, though outbreaks are not usually bad enough to greatly disfigure the plant. Trees; Shrubs; Perennials and Bulbs; Grasses, Rushes and Sedges; Situating the plant in a very sunny location, pruning out crowded branches to promote air circulation, and letting soil dry between waterings usually takes care of any mildew. Starting from seed is tricky, as bay seeds can take months to germinate under specific conditions. Abies concolor white fir. [17] The leaves were steeped in hot water to make an infusion that was used to wash sores. [16] However, when the bank reopened and the city appealed for people to bring their myrtlewood money in to redeem it, many opted to keep their tokens as collector's items. It occurs on the Pacific coast of North America from Oregon to California and grows about 15 to 25 metres (50 to 80 feet) tall. Purchasing potted bay from the Nursery is by far the easiest and most reliable source of plants! Phone: 503.788.9000 [16] Roasted, shelled "bay nuts" were eaten whole, or ground into powder and prepared as a drink which resembles unsweetened chocolate. [16] It has been speculated that the nuts contain a stimulant;[20][21] however this possible effect has been little documented by biologists. It can easily be pruned into a bushy shrub, small tree, or even a topiary form. Yearly Events | The fatty outer flesh of the fruit, or mesocarp, is palatable raw for only a brief time when ripe; prior to this the volatile aromatic oils are too strong, and afterwards the flesh quickly becomes bruised, like that of an overripe avocado. In-ground planted bay is drought tolerant once established. Unlike other "bay laurels" of the genus Laurus, Umbellularia has perfect flowers (male and female parts in the same flower).[13]. Umbellularia is in fact closely related to the avocado's genus Persea, within the family Lauraceae. 9000 SE Division, Portland, OR 97266. Bay can be a bit frost-tender (it will suffer if temperatures fall too far below freezing, and may die in more severe cold), and does not prefer soggy soils, but if precautions are taken against frost and soil is amended to promote good drainage, bay is a care-free plant. Umbellularia has long been valued for its many uses by Native Americans throughout the tree's range, including the Cahuilla, Chumash, Ohlone, Pomo, Miwok, Yuki, Coos, and Salinan people. Umbellularia californica is a large hardwood tree native to coastal forests and the Sierra foothills of California, as well as to coastal forests extending into Oregon. It is a broadleaved evergreen tree with distinctly aromatic “bay” leaves. Golden-leaf bay. It is considered an excellent tonewood and is sought after by luthiers and woodworkers. Portland Nursery on Stark Propagation: Bay can be propagated by digging up rooted suckers that occur either naturally or from layering. Often referred to as myrtlewood, California-laurel is one of the best known and most valuable western hardwoods. in diameter. Amend heavy soils with plenty of compost, and add pumice to increase drainage. The tree was formerly known as Oreodaphne californica. The wood is very hard and fine, and is also made into bowls, spoons, and other small items and sold as "myrtlewood".

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