Make a list. use or draw a picture. If you use these four steps when yo… Your problem may be modest; but if … The Four-Step Problem Solving Plan. Choose a strategy to solve the problem. When you carry out the plan, you should keep a record of your steps as you implement your strategy from step 2. Plan (Ask a question): formulate a statistical question that … act out the situation. There are many possible strategies and techniques you can use to solve math problems. At the end of the lesson, you will have the opportunity to try more examples before taking your quiz. 4. 2. Some of the possible strategies will be discusse… Any problem is solved easier with an action plan. Carry Out Your Plan Just do it! Also, a good, general understanding of what the problem means should be sought. The final step in the process is very important, but many students skip it, feeling like they have an answer so they can move on now. She made 1 dozen blue cupcakes and 3 dozen red cupcakes. If you use these four steps when you approach any problem, be it math or otherwise, you will find your path to the solution much more direct and easy. 7. Would you like to get a custom essay? Guess and check. In this lesson, we reviewed Polya’s 4-Step Process for Problem Solving, which is simply a systematic process used to reach a solution to a problem. 90 must be the correct answer. Solving equations using algebra is really no different. Some ways to tell if you really understand what is being asked is to: In our example, we can understand the problem by realizing that we don’t need the information about the gender of the guests or the color of the cupcakes – that is irrelevant. Polya's 4-Step Process George Polya was a mathematician in the 1940s. How many cupcakes were eaten? George Polya was a mathematician in the 1940s. 3. 26 page notebook file with teacher notes on animated pages, CCSS mathematical practices addressed, and examples of each step. Obviously, we would need the prior knowledge that 1 dozen equals 12. Each person must say hello to each other person exactly once. The Always Principle: (Guessing is OK.) 6. Finally, Step 4 – Check your work90 hellos might not make sense if there are 10 people; you might think the answer should have been 100. In this four step math problem solving lesson, students listen to the story Spaghetti and Meatballs and use paper and manipulates to solve math problems. Devise a Plan Use equations, diagrams, tables or any other tool needed to create a plan for solving the problem. These four steps can be summarized as follows: 1. The first step of Polya’s Process is to Understand the Problem. So, to start, let’s think about a party. 2. work a simpler problem. Look for a pattern or patterns. 4. Identify any information that is irrelevant to the problem. To find out, we wrote an equation that would resolve the sub-goal while working toward the main goal. Total = 6 + 5 + 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 21 handshakes. The final step is to Look Back, which really means to check your work. We just needed to figure out which number should go into the box to make it a true statement. Carefully read the problem. How about receiving a customized one? Step 2 – Devise a planA diagram might be a great to show me what is happening here. Polya’s 4-Step Problem-Solving Process is discussed in this lesson to help students develop an action plan for addressing problems. Solve a simpler version of the problem. 1. work backwards to solve a problem. So, (1 dozen + 3 dozen) – 5 = number eaten. 4. In this careful reading, you should especially seek to clearly identify the question that is to be answered. Figure out what the problem tells you is important. A useful starting point is a four step approach to math problem solving. If I draw the diagram as a circle with 10 points (representing each of the 10 people), I can visualize each saying hello. All we really need to know is that we are being asked, ‘How many cupcakes are left of the total that were made?’ So, we understand the problem. After that, we needed to know how many were eaten if only 5 remained after the party. Describe the steps in Polya’s 4-Step Process for Problem Solving, Explain the importance of having a plan to solve problems. How many times is the word ‘Hello’ said? Trial and error. Following this lesson, you should have the ability to: Copyright 2018 - Book Store WordPress Theme. Now that we understand the problem, we have to Devise a Plan to solve the problem. The following video shows more examples of using problem solving strategies and models. Got it. Well, to check our work with a problem like this, we could set up a different diagram. 10 x 9 = 90 hellos said. This Four Step Math Problem Solving Method Lesson Plan is suitable for 1st - 3rd Grade. 1 x 12 = 12, and 3 x 12 = 36, so what we really have is (12 + 36) – 5 = number eaten. When using this model, children should be given flexibility to use a strategy of their choice or creation during the make a plan and carry out a plan section. SMARTboard lesson with four steps to solving a math word problem suing UPSA: understand, pick a strategy, solve, and answer and check. Understand the Problem Restating the problem and identifying necessary information is a key to this step. We could write an equation to show what is unknown and how to find the solution: (1 dozen + 3 dozen) – 5 = number eaten. I need to know how many times the word ‘hello’ is said. Remember this kind of problem from primary school?? Sally was having a party. If we put the people in a straight line and then count them saying hello to each other one at a time, we will again see that the final tally is 90 hellos.

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